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Plan Nanocentro of Buenos Aires
2015年07月24日 来源:广州市人民政府外事办公室

 

 The agenda of initiatives and priorities of cities has changed rapidly in recent years, local governments today play a leading role in the implementation of reforms that respond directly to citizens’ demands. Technology provides and opens new paths for communication, governance and public administration. Today, for those managing cities and think like modern and intelligent use of technology and innovation to improve the quality of life of their inhabitants, it is essential. And in this way, public space is the place where society becomes visible. The interactions that take place there and the way in which people set forth, are closely related to the design, innovation and planning of urban spaces. As a result, transformation of public space and infrastructure directly affects people’s lives.

 

Plan Nanocentro (Technology District, Buenos Aires) is a Smart City policy which aim is to revitalize and transform the urban area where the new office of the Government of the City of Buenos Aires is established and Its surroundings; and thus, transforming the lives of thousands of people walking its streets. With public-private interaction, this comprehensive program with multidimensional perspective, includes spatial, technological, economic, cultural and environmental actions. Its main focus is on sustainability, which shaft initiatives such as the creation of a BRT system are released, increasing the network of bicycle paths and expanding spaces for pedestrians. All it accompanied by an investment in technology and innovative systems that ensure the safety of residents and allow these to have real time information about what is happening around them.

 

The project works on five topics that make it possible to achieve the Smart City Goal. Through these actions, the city seek to foster a new civic dynamics that triggers primarily growth and development in the whole area and its surroundings, positioning Buenos Aires again as a symbol of innovation and modernization in Latin America.

 

1. Sustainable Design: the new government building, designed by famed British architect, Norman Foster, is mainly made of concrete and within its main strengths are its sustainable approach and energy efficiency system, and is the first public building in Latin America to achieve LEED Silver certification (Leadership in Energy & Environmental Design). Large areas of glazed enclosure can maximize the penetration of natural light, reducing to a minimum the need to install light fittings and subsequent consumption. The building also has systems for recycling gray water and indoor gardens are watered with rainwater, which is stored in reservoirs designed for that purpose.

 

This project aims to have a positive environmental and social impact on the city and is part of an overall initiative to regenerate the neighborhood of Parque Patricios, a former light industrial business park located south of the city center, which now emerges as a focal point of hightech industries.

 

 

2. Neighborhood: tax benefits for new green buildings built in Technological District. The urban area has 46 hectares, is organized with sustainable criteria promoting the reduction of consumption of resources, parameters for forms of occupation, mixture of uses and efficient mobility. The aim is to create a vibrant public space with a pedestrian approach providing comfortable atmosphere, which commitment is a high quality of life, where the offer of opportunities for work and recreation is encouraged.

 

Since 2008, the 2972 Act provides great benefits for companies of Information Technology and Communications that emplaces in the area. Moreover, a Program for the Promotion of Bioclimatic Buildings was developed and implemented in the neighborhood, which grants a subsidy for those buildings that installs energy saving systems in existing buildings. Preferential credit lines are offered by the Banco Ciudad de Buenos Aires to finance the purchase and constructions of new sustainable buildings. Educational, academic and training institutions established in the Technological District have the same benefits.

 

3. Enhancement of public spaces: three urban axes shall be redefined in order to benefit pedestrians after cars, to increase green areas and to improve the quality and quantity of public space. Most of the previously street cars around the government building are turning into wide sidewalks for pedestrian use, which integrate green areas, public space and the building encourages a new use by and by workers , neighbors and visitors.

 

Moreover, in some streets a of maximum 30km/h speed policy apply, green spaces were added to the street, and traffic calming devices were installed.

 

4. Multimodality: The city promote the extension of the subway, BRT and bikeway system. Through these interventions, the plan seeks to encourage the use of public transport instead of private cars, thus contributing to the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions, and promoting sustainable lifestyle. 2 new subway stations were opened that serve the Nanocentro, allowing reach downtown in 25 minutes, and connecting with quality public transport an area of the city that was before inaccessible and today is fully integrated with the underground system of the city. In 2015, Metrobus arrived at Nanocentro, the BRT system of the City, which extends the public transport system incorporating rapid buses. In addition to the bikeways, the necessary infrastructure was installed to encourage their use: public stations bike and bike parking areas. Finally, the walkability of the entire district is also promoted.

 

 

5. Innovation and technology:

l         Led Luminaries: The plan includes the replacement of current sodium lamps high pressure (SAP) by a new system of public lighting LED luminaires, they not only save 40% of electricity consumption, but also allow remote monitoring and management, increasing its efficiency.

 

l        Hybrid Chargers: the city is installing cell phone chargers in public space, which work with a hybrid system that combines solar and wind energy.

l        Open innovation: open spaces and hackatons are organized to encourage and stimulate citizen participation around the area.

l         Sensorization: during 2015 sensors that measure pollution, environmental noise and optimize waste management and parking are being installed.

l         Accessibility: intelligent traffic lights and signs for the blind were installed, plus a printed map with 3D haptic technology.

l         Smart City: interactive totems with all applications and digital city services available are being installed. There are multiplied access points to the free wifi city network and throughout the year intelligent traffic signage will be installed, which provides current and relevant traffic information, available parking, etc.

l         Sustainable eco circuits: gym devices are being installed which allows body workout exercise while converting kinetic energy transferred from the body into electrical energy available to charge cell phones and other electrical devices.

Sustainable eco circuits: gym devices are being installed which allows body workout exercise while converting kinetic energy transferred from the body into electrical energy available to charge cell phones and other electrical devices.


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